Our appearance is something we are concerned about all the time. Thus, it can be really bothersome for most of us to have any kind of skin problems which are prominently visible to us as well as to other people. One of the most common skin condition is called eczema. When a person suffers from eczema, their skin becomes red, inflamed and itchy. There are several types of eczema. If one suffers from such skin condition it is advisable to see an eczema specialist in London.
Eczema causes dark colored patches on the skin and skin appears swollen. One might also suffer from rough dry patches on the skin. However, it is important to know that eczema is not contagious. Thus, one person suffering from eczema cannot pass it on to another person.
If you want to know about various types of eczema and their cures, read on.
- Atopic dermatitis
Also known as atopic eczema, this is the most common type of eczema. Its symptoms are more likely to be present in childhood. A child is more likely to suffer from this skin condition if his/her parents suffer from the same. Children who have atopic eczema are more vulnerable to food sensitivity.
They are also more likely to suffer from asthma and hay fever. Atopic eczema is mainly caused in areas such as the knees, face, neck, and wrists. The main symptoms of this skin condition are red, itchy skin and sever dry patches.
- Contact dermatitis
As the name suggests, contact dermatitis is a type of skin reaction which is caused when skin comes in contact with certain substances which it is allergic to. This might cause small red bumps on the skin known as blisters. Skin may also feel dry and itchy.
There are two main types of contact dermatitis: red bumps
A person with atopic dermatitis has an increased risk of contact dermatitis.
- There are two types of contact dermatitis:
- Irritant contact dermatitis
- Allergic contact dermatitis
- Dyshidrotic eczema
This type of skin disorder usually appears in adults under the age of 40. it usually occurs on hands and feet. The main symptoms include intense itching and appearance of small blisters.
In some cases, these blisters can become large and watery. At times, these blisters might become infected which leads to pain and swelling. They might ooze puss too. This type of skin condition usually clears up within a few weeks. However, the skin might still feel dry and itchy overtime.
- Discoid eczema
Also known as nummular eczema, this type of skin condition is recognizable due to disc-shaped red patches and swollen and cracked skin. This usually occurs on lower legs, torso, and forearms. This skin condition can occur to the person of any age. The causes of this skin condition are – skin injuries, burns, extremely cold climate, insect bites, bacterial skin infections, sensitivity to metals or poor blood flow.
The most important way to treat eczema is by managing its symptoms and trying to prevent further flare-ups. Various antibiotics are available to clear up the skin and fight eczema. You should consult your doctor who can help you find the right type of treatment based on your skin condition.
However, you can visit the best skin clinic in London to ensure that you get the best treatment.
- Some treatment options for eczema include:
- Moisturizers or emollients: this will help to keep the skin hydrated and reduce itching and cracking.
- Steroid creams and ointments are also known to reduce swelling, redness, and soreness with regular application.
- Topical calcineurin inhibitors can also be used as they are extremely well-known to help reduce inflammation
- Antihistamines are also advised. These help to reduce itching is usually applied at night.
Phototherapy is also highly effective which uses ultraviolet (UV) light to fight inflammation.